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FIEE 2023

Participação de destaque da AMDS4 juntamente com a LEM na Feira de Eletrônica FIEE 2023

Inovação e Excelência em Transdutores de Corrente e Tensão

A Feira Internacional da Indústria Elétrica, Eletrônica, Energia e Automação (FIEE) é um evento de renome mundial que reúne os principais players da indústria eletrônica. Neste ano, a LEM International, reconhecida no mercado por sua excelência na fabricação de transdutores de corrente e tensão, marcou presença na FIEE 2023, juntamente com sua parceira de longa data a AMDS4 Componentes Eletrônicos que os representa desde 1988, demonstrando seu compromisso com a inovação e qualidade. Este artigo irá destacar a participação significativa da LEM/AMDS4, apresentando seus destaques e os avanços tecnológicos que apresentaram ao público entre os dias 18/07/2023 à 21/07/2023.

A participação da LEM/AMDS4 na FIEE foi marcada por diversos destaques notáveis, que reforçaram sua posição como líder no setor de transdutores de corrente e tensão. Entre os principais pontos destacam-se:

  • – A LEM e AMDS4 aproveitaram a FIEE como uma plataforma estratégica para apresentar seus mais recentes lançamentos aos profissionais do setor eletroeletrônicos do mercado sul-americano. Os novos transdutores de corrente lançados pela empresa foram aclamados por sua precisão, confiabilidade e recursos inovadores, que atendem às demandas crescentes do mercado. Como exemplo, sua nova série de transdutores de corrente de loop aberto que possui banda de frequência de até 1 MHz a série HOB. Seu novo transdutor para medir corrente de fuga, os transdutores da série CDSR. E seu mais novo e pioneiro equipamento para tarifação de energia em carregadores veiculares, o DC Meter DCBM.
  • Datasheets: Série HOB CDSR 0.07-NPSérie DCBM
  • – Além de sua presença na exposição, a LEM e AMDS4 organizaram uma palestra especializa para compartilhar conhecimentos técnicos e tendências do setor. O engenheiro José Eduardo da AMDS4 especialista nos produtos LEM por mais de 30 anos discutiu temas como medição de corrente e tensão em diversas aplicações, porém os destaques foram em aplicações em energia renováveis e aplicações para Veículos Elétricos assim como sua infraestrutura “EV Chargers”. Essas atividades proporcionaram um ambiente educativo e permitiram a interação direta entre a equipe LEM/AMDS4 e os profissionais presentes na feira.
  • – A FIEE é um evento conhecido por reunir uma vasta rede de profissionais e empresas do setor eletrônico. A participação da LEM/AMDS4 permitiu estabelecer novos contatos, fortalecer relacionamentos existentes e explorar oportunidades de parcerias estratégicas. Essas conexões são essenciais para impulsionar o crescimento e a colaboração na indústria.

A participação da LEM/AMDS4 na FIEE 2023 foi um verdadeiro sucesso, reafirmando sua posição como líder no mercado de transdutores de corrente e tensão. Através do lançamento de novos produtos, demonstrações de tecnologia avançada, palestras especializadas e networking estratégico.

Saiba mais em www.amds4.com.br ou entre em contato através de nosso e-mail amds4@amds4.com.br

Congresso LEM 2023

AMDS4 participa do 13º Congresso LEM -Genebra/Suíça 2023

Equipe LEM, e Representantes/Distribuidores oficiais do grupo LEM de cada PaísNova fábrica de Genebra

Entre os dias 24 e 27 de Abril de 2023 , nosso diretor técnico-comercial José Eduardo Antonio, assim como os engenheiros Vinicius Formenti Antonio e Leonardo Formenti Antonio estiveram em Genebra, Suíça, participando do treinamento e congresso técnico da LEM International.

Instalações da fábrica em Genebra

Nesses dias foram realizadas diversas apresentações, tanto sobre temas de tendências de mercado assim como novos lançamentos que começarão à serem disponibilizados à partir do segundo semestre de 2023.

A tendência da vez, são os Veículos Elétricos (EV) e Carregadores Veiculares (AC/DC Chargers), nesta categoria se destacam 3 componentes em especifico, a série DCBM, equipamento para contabilizar os gastos e tarifação de carregadores veiculares na parte DC do carregador, e os sensores para medir corrente de fuga (séries CDSR e CDT), para serem utilizados na parte AC do carregador.

Coffee break entre as palestras

Também se destacam os futuros sensores miniaturizados de instalação para SMD, o novo HMSR DA (saída digital) e o novo FHS AH 600, este tendo como principio de medição, medir a corrente através da leitura do campo magnético que passa pela trilha.

Transdutores de corrente (AC/DC) com resposta rápida, com banda de até 1 MHz também será lançado, a série HOB foi desenvolvida para aplicações com tecnologia MOSFET SiC.

Outra série que chamou bastante a atenção de nossa equipe, foi a OLCI, esta série virá para medir altas correntes (AC/DC) e proporcionará ao usuário uma grande abertura de janela e alguns modelos, podendo ser bipartido.

Se você se interessou por algum desses novos lançamentos, fale conosco pelo amds4@amds4.com.br que lhe enviaremos mais informações.

Apresentação da nova fábrica na Malásia
Palestra de treinamento

Outro ponto que não podemos deixar passar, é o lançamento da quinta fábrica da LEM, devido ao crescimento do mercado a LEM julgou necessário sua expansão e após inúmeros estudos foi decidido abrir uma unidade fabril na Ásia, mais precisamente na Malásia, esta fábrica à princípio ficará pronta no final deste ano de 2023, iniciando suas atividades à partir de 2024, com isso possibilitará diminuição de prazos de entrega e maior quantidade de componentes no mercado.

IMG-01-amds4

Why is LEM’s Rogowski Coil better than a Transformer?

 

Distribution Overhead Line Monitoring with LEM’s ART Rogowski coil

New line current sensors allow utilities to monitor their overhead distribution lines to maximize their capacity and prevent clearance violations thus improving reliability and efficiency of the MV Distribution Grid.

The High Voltage transmission grid is already highly automated and monitored through SCADA and Energy Management Systems. In contrast, the Medium-Low Voltage distribution grid has very limited monitoring and control. Why? – More often than not, Utilities fail to monitor their many medium voltage substations, this is due to the expense of retrofitting with today’s solutions and of the time it takes to plan and build. The implementation of traditional substation monitoring requires complicated engineering, this includes the use of remote terminal units with new conduits, wiring to relays and current transformers. Engineers must schedule outages to disconnect the feeders, which takes time and may only be possible during low power consumption needs. Once the hardware has been installed, the utility has to program and integrate all the hardware into a complex SCADA system, which is a significant and difficult challenge for many utilities. There must be a better way.

Below the feeder level, remote monitoring is absent with the exception of customer billing meter points where smart meters are becoming prevalent to read, monitor and control. However, these smart meters are only collecting and communicating Voltage, Current , Power, Reactive Power, S, Energy  data rather than power quality data sets like Cos (Phi), Total Harmonic Distortion, flicker, voltage dips, transients, waveforms, time series etc. The smart meter does not collect a lot of data outside of its billing focused function. Substations and distribution power lines are two of the most valuable assets for utilities that require crucial power flow data to provide the most reliable service.

The most relevant data in the distribution grid is about the location and cause of faults and non-fault events, high-impedance faults, consumption peaks, handling distributed renewable energy and EV charging, feeder outages, and many others – all high-value data that is not addressed by today’s systems.

Now monitoring overhead power lines has been made possible faster, easier and cheaper with new Internet of Things telecom networks like NB-IoT and LPWAN.Thanks to a line sensor (1), installed between two MV poles (2), the grid operator can visualize, in real-time, the current flow in order to optimize the power line capacity to distribute more electricity. The wireless line sensor (1) sends data over a telecom relay (3) to a secured database in the cloud (4) or on premise. The energy management platform (5) can regulate, alert and notify the maintenance team if needed. New line sensors are now using the LEM Rogowski coil ART (A) to measure the current, detect line aging depending on the level of current, and prioritize line capacity.

 

 

Before without visibility about the grid, the generated renewable energy distributed through an overhead line could be overloaded (red). Thanks to the three-phase line sensor system, the extra power in one of the line can be re-distributed to the adjacent lines (black) therefore reducing the initial line (blue) capacity to an acceptable level. Overall, the capacity output of the power grid is then maximized (fig. 1).

 

Figure 1: Before and after line sensor installation

 

In addition, the line sensor (1-35kV distribution grid) provides periodic time synchronized measurements to facilitate improved situational awareness and operations: current, both amplitude and phase, conductor surface temperature and detects fault conditions enabling rapid identification and notification. This three phase line sensor system in the power distribution are equalized in real-time among the different lines within a meshed network

The AC measurement can now be achieved with the LEM ART split-core rogowski coil, see below table for the summary of the ART advantages compared to two other current measurement techniques used in the Line sensor.

 

 

ART is the clear winner of this comparison with a practical one size fits all current loop,  excellent ferrite core, great accuracy, light, safe mV output and water resistant coil.

ART Ferrite core

Recent developments have revolutionized the characteristics of ferrite at 50/60Hz, bringing many advantages. This new type of ferrite has significantly improved permeability and has been implemented in this ART Rogowski coil (fig. 2). ART takes advantage of the intrinsic ferrite qualities:

  • High accuracy and excellent linearity, even at very low current levels
  • No phase-shift between input and output currents
  • No air gaps and virtually insensitive to ageing and temperature changes
  • Low position dependent error close to the clasp of the coil (see ART Sensitivity)
  • Low cost versus potentiometer based Rogowski coils

 

Fig. 2. Ferrite core of LEM ART Rogowski coils

 

ART Sensitivity

The overall sensitivity to the position of the primary conductor can be controlled, but usually close to the clasp errors are often unavoidable, except for the patented ferrite based ART Rogowski coil (fig. 3).

 

Fig. 3. Position sensitivity of ART Rogowski coil

 

Conclusion

The new ART rogowski coil class 0.5 has made huge progress, allowing small, light, sensitive and flexible current sensing for MV grids. The major improvements that have been made in the design and manufacturing processes have enabled a reduction in both the cost and the sensitivity to the coil positioning around the primary cable.

People consume more electricity than ever before and have an expectation that they will access their electricity without fault or interruption. The line sensor provides situational awareness along distribution feeders allowing utilities to operate and respond based on prevailing conditions. The system directs preemptive patrol and maintenance crews to the affected grid locations, enabling utilities to avoid potential short or long electricity interruptions. It reduces outage frequency, resulting in the reduction of the momentary average interruption frequency index (MAIFI) and system average interruption frequency index (SAIFI). Both indexes serve as valuable tools for evaluating a utility’s performance and reliability because some countries have already put in place regulations that require a utility to reimburse customers for long electricity interruptions.

When installed with the hot stick or insulated gloves on the overhead power line, LEM ART rogowski is a safe, easy-to-install, light but robust current measurement alternative to heavy and expensive current transformers, therefore improving the overall performance, reliability and efficiency of the line sensor.

About the author

Patrick Schuler, LEM

Patrick Schuler has been working in the internet, telecommunications, smart grid, power electronics and power utility sector for more than 15 years. Since joining LEM in September 2014, Patrick has been responsible for defining the global smart grid offering and managing smart grid business development. As a smart grid expert, Patrick is a member of the IEC’s world smart city community in Geneva and was the former smart grid chairman at the China European Chamber of Commerce in Beijing.

About LEM

LEM is the market leader in providing innovative and high quality solutions for measuring electrical parameters for a broad range of applications in drives and welding, renewable energies and power supplies, traction, high precision, conventional and green cars businesses. LEM has production plants in Beijing (China), Geneva (Switzerland), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Tokyo (Japan). With regional sales offices near its customers’ locations, the company is able to offer a seamless service around the globe. LEM is a mid-size, global company with approximately 1’450 employees worldwide and reported sales of CHF 264.5 million in financial year 2016/17. LEM City answers the demand for an accurate, reliable and easy-to-install energy sensor for future Smart Cities.

LEM City – at the heart of our planet‘s energy measurements.

www.lemcity.com

620-698-lem

Smart Transformer condition monitoring with Smart Meter and Rogowski Coils

Smart Grid for the City

The intelligent electricity network (smart grid) is the backbone of every smart city, since it:

Informs “prosumers” (proactive consumers or producers of energy) about their energy usage and enables them to make decisions about how, when to use, store or even resell electricity, as with solar panels on roof tops. This promotes the participation of residential, commercial and industrial buildings in energy conservation, efficiency and demand response programs.

Provides reliable integration of distributed renewable energies, energy storage and electric vehicle charging stations. This means smarter protection equipment and smarter substations to enable faster management of fault detection, isolation and restoration.

Improves the grid with smarter components (sensors, intelligent electronic devices, smart meters and so on) allowing control, automation, remote monitoring and real-time data sharing. By working together, these components provide the control center with information on current and future performance of the grid and a detailed status of critical components such as a transformer.

Smart Transformer = Smart Meter + Rogowski Coil

A leading metering provider has introduced the use of flexible LEM Rogowski coil sensors (ART) with a smart meter connected to the low-voltage (LV) side of a distribution transformer in an MV/LV substation. The software in the smart meter calculates the thermal and electrical models of the transformer based on the LV measurements information, providing its oil temperature and ageing rate as well as MV current values and energy flows. It is an innovative, more economical way to manage the distribution grid without having additional sensors on the MV side. The smart meter’s overall accuracy with the LEM ART is better than 1%, superior to conventional Class 0,5 meters associated with Class 0,5 current transformers (CTs).

 

Figure 1: MV/LV Substation

 

Within the MV/LV substation, the incoming power flow from the MV side (1) is managed by the MV switchgear (2) before being converted by the transformer (3) into LV (6). The smart meter (5) installed in the LV panel (4) measures the transformer’s (3) health with three independent current sensors – LEM ART (A). The ART allows safe commissioning of the smart meter on an existing live transformer.

 

Benefits for distribution system operators include:

  • Real-time thermal behavior, ageing rate, active and reactive losses of each distribution transformer.
  • LV load curves of consumers, producers and transformers allowing detection of non-technical losses.

Aggregation of active energy distributed by each MV-LV transformer allowing detection of non-technical issues on the MV side of the grid.

LEM Rogowski Coil (ART)

 

 

LEM has developed the ART current Rogowski sensor with the capability to measure up

to 10,000A and beyond. The ART is a raw coil achieving IEC 61869 Class 0.5 accuracy without the need for additional components such as resistors or potentiometers, which have a risk of drift over time.

In addition, the ART labelled “Perfect Loop” has a unique patented coil clasp curing the inaccuracy caused by the sensitivity to the position of the conductor inside the loop. Finally, the ART provides the same ease of installation as split-core current transformers and a better Class 0.5 accuracy. The ART also has the best performance among other Rogowski coil players.

 

Figure 2: LEM ART features and performances versus competition

 

What is a Rogowski coil?

A Rogowski Coil is used to make an open-ended and flexible sensor that easily wraps around the conductor to be measured. It consists of a helical coil of wire with the lead from one end returning through the center of the coil to the other end, so that both terminals are at the same end of the coil. The coil length is selected according to the relevant primary cable diameter to provide optimal transfer characteristics.

This technology provides a very precise detection of the rate of change (derivative) of the primary current that induces a proportionate voltage at the terminals of the coil. This is then a current measuring technology only for AC currents. An electronic integrator circuit is usually added to convert that voltage signal into an output signal that is proportional to the primary current. In other words, the Rogowski Coil enables the manufacturing of very accurate and linear current sensors, at the price of additional electronics and calibration.

A  Rogowski coil has a lower inductance than current transformers, and consequently a better frequency response because it uses a non-magnetic core material. It is also highly linear, even with high primary currents, because it has no iron core that may saturate. This kind of sensor is thus particularly well adapted to power measurement systems that can be subjected to high or fast-changing currents. For measuring high currents, it has the additional advantages of small size and easy installation, while traditional current transformers are big and heavy.

 

Figure 2: Rogowski Coil principle

 

VOUT = – M*dIP/dt.

M is the mutual inductance between the primary conductor and the coil, which to some extent represents the coupling between the primary and secondary circuits.

The performance of such current sensors highly depends on the manufacturing quality of the Rogowski Coil, since equally spaced windings are required to provide high immunity to electromagnetic interference; the density of the turns must be uniform otherwise the coefficient M could change versus the position of the primary into the aperture.

 

Another critical characteristic is the closing point that induces a discontinuity in the coil, creating some sensitivity to external conductors as well as to the position of the measured conductor within the loop. The locking or clamping system should ensure a very precise and reproducible position of the coil extremities, as well as a high symmetry while having one of the extremities connected to the output cable. Some new technologies have recently appeared in this area, with special mechanical and electrical characteristics that allows much better accuracy and immunity to the primary cable positioning. While the error due to primary cable position was typically not better than +/-3% in the 50/60Hz frequency domain, it has been reduced to less than +/- 0.5% on some of the latest Rogowski Coil sensors.

 

Figure 4: ART Rogowski Coil current sensor from LEM

 

How LEM managed the challenge:

Two main technics are on the market to make Rogowski coils accurate:

  • The first is to buy standard wound wire on the market and to make the loop connected to a resistor, which will be used for the accuracy calibration.
  • The second is a so-called “pure Rogowski coil” consisting in winding very accurately a regular copper wire all along its length to ensure the final accuracy of the sensor.

While the first is really easy to produce at a low cost, this is nevertheless highly sensitive to external environments, less accurate, and less reliable as it brings in more components.

At the opposite end, the Pure Rogowski coil requires much more investments and knowledge on manufacturing process.

The really thin LEM ART Rogowski coil is part of this second method and has a gain of 22.5 mV/kA; it includes an electrostatic shield to protect against external fields (LEM patent), optimizing performance for small current measurements.

The locking system has also been a key point in achieving the class 0.5 accuracy. And here again LEM had to find an efficient design to make the closure the most efficient possible.

To mask the imperfections on the closing mechanism as well as the connections of the sensor’s secondary wires, LEM engineers created a sleeve acting as a magnetic short-circuit (or more precisely a reluctance short-circuit), virtually bringing together the two sections of the coil located on each side.

 

Figure 5: LEM patented Rogowski coil clasp

 

The sleeve is formed of a piece of ferrite as represented in Figure 5.

This approach was a complete success (LEM patent) – the error associated with the coil clasp has become almost negligible (Figure 6).

 

Figure 6: Rogowski coil accuracy comparison between a regular Rogowski coil and one using the LEM patented Rogowski coil clasp with primary conductor located at various positions inside the loop.

 

 

The accuracy is not only a question of position of the primary conductor in the loop but also of orthogonality, how the primary conductor is crossing the loop, how is it located versus the Rogowski loop axis at 90°, or 45° or 0° or 180° (Figure 7).

Here again, the ART loop is insensitive to this phenomenon and this has no impact on its accuracy thanks to the LEM know-how and patent.

 

Figure 7: Orthogonality effect. Primary conductor position versus the axis of the Rogowski loop.

 

Finally, in addition to these high performances, the product had to be easy to use, to install and adapted to any conditions of use.

The ART series provides the same ease of installation as existing split-core transformers, but with the benefits of being thinner (6.1mm diameter) and more flexible.

Whatever the chosen dimension – 35 to 300mm diameter for the coil aperture – the ART can be mounted very quickly by simply clipping it on to the cable to be measured thanks to an innovative, robust and fast twist-and-click closure method. Contact with the cable is not necessary, and the ART ensures a high level of safety as well as providing a high rated insulation voltage (1000V Cat III PD2 – reinforced) and can be used in applications requiring a protection degree up to IP57. Its fixing on the primary cable can be ensured using a cable tie through its expected slot.

The ART also allows disconnection of the coil to be detected through the use of a security seal passed through a specially designed slot, making it really useful when used with a meter (Figure 8).

 

Figure 8: ART mechanical features: Twist-and-click closure, security seal, and slot to attach the loop to the primary cable.

 

Intelligent electricity network (smart grid) applications such as power generators, home energy management (HEM), battery monitoring systems (BMS), medium voltage/low voltage substations, sub-metering, electrical vehicle stations, and solar power plants integrate more and more current sensors to ensure reliable integration of distributed renewable energy, energy storage, production and consumption. This leads to the implementation of more current sensors to allow control rooms to automate, monitor remotely and share real-time data of equipment.

With the aim to bring more harmonization in the smart grid landscape, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) builds foundations in every field to provide a strong, resistant and secured electrical grid. Robust and accurate sensors in this network are major challenges to respond to this demanding environment.

IEC 61869 is the new performance standard for sensors, replacing the old IEC 60044 standard for current transformers. ART Rogowski coils sensors are designed and tested against a strict characterization test plan established by LEM experts to comply with and contribute to this evolution. Due to its strong knowledge in accurate measurement, LEM guarantees the measurement repeatability of all of its transducers and accuracy of Class 0.5 according to IEC 61869-2 for ART models for use in future smart cities and their applications.

ART series current sensors are CE marked, UL 2808 recognized and conform to IEC 61869, as well as being covered by LEM’s five-year warranty.

LEM accurate and easy-to-install smart current sensors empower the internet of energy (smart cities).

About LEM

LEM is the market leader in providing innovative and high-quality solutions for measuring electrical parameters for a broad range of applications. LEM answers the demand for an accurate, reliable and easy-to-install energy sensor for future Smart Cities.

 

Fonte: https://lnkd.in/dwVKAHj